Before new building can be built and you must decide what type of concrete foundations it will be built upon. It seems every town and village here on Long Island has their own building department and their own set of regulations and specifications that must be it adhered to. There are various types of soils here on Long Island that must be analyzed before a building can be permitted to be built.
What Goes into the Planning of Concrete Foundations?
Aside from the local town building code a conscientious builder will have a soil analysis done if he suspects the construction site to be in an unstable location. Areas that are close to the beach and have a high content of sand and a high water table are typically tested by a local engineering firm that is familiar with the history of the area. Soil Samples A local licensed engineer will have soil samples taken from the site so they can be tested for soil stability and determine the loadbearing capacity at different depths for that construction location. Depending on the results of the soil tests a structural engineer will be consulted along with the architect and builder to design a concrete foundation that is suitable for those soil conditions and the building to be constructed
Avoid Concrete Foundations Failure
When a builder sees to it that proper analysis is done before construction he is preventing a host of problems in the future. When the proper research is done a concrete foundation designed specifically for that soil composition. The concrete foundation designed specifically for that soil composition and weight and design of the home will avoid such things as soil shifts or soil settlement causing movement of the foundation. It's not uncommon for soil to settle or compress beneath one section of a foundation while remaining stable and solid at another location under the same foundation. When this occurs more than likely cracks in the walls above windows and doors which indicates there may well be a crack in the footing supporting the entire building, problems like these are avoided when the proper analysis is done before the structure is built
. Helical Piers
The use of helical piers for new concrete foundations being constructed has resolved
many soil stability issues. Helical piles are used to connect the footings of a concrete foundations to increase their load stability; a steel plate is attached to the top of the helical pile this is used to connect the pier to the foundation. For newly constructed concrete foundation many helical piers are anchored to the earth at predetermined depths, the footing is then encased over the helical piles to enhance stability.
Three Common Types of Concrete Foundations
Here on Long Island there are three basic foundation types most commonly used for the construction of a new building. They are; slab foundations, crawlspace foundations, and full basement foundations. In our next article we will discuss the pros and cons of all three of these foundations.
High Rise Industries of Long Island, NY
Established in 1997 High Rise Industries has been serving the Long Island area with a commitment to quality service and customer satisfaction. High Rise Industries is a Family owned and operated reinforced Concrete and Excavation Company that specializes in every facet of concrete work, and foundation restoration. For all your commercial, industrial, and residential concrete foundation needs give us a call 516-315-8591 or use the contact page on this website. Warm Regards The Rebelo Brothers